Theorising Islamic International Relations
The Western originators of the multi-disciplinary social sciences and their successors excluded religion as an explanation for the world and its affairs. They held that religion had no role to play in modern society or in rational elucidations for the way world politics or/and relations work. Expectedly, they also focused most of their studies on the West, where religion’s effect was least apparent and argued that religion’s influence in the non-Western world was primitive residue that would vanish with modernisation, the Muslim world in particular. Paradoxically, with modernity there has been a resurgence of religion, including Islam. As an alternative approach to this Western-centric stance and while focusing on Islam, the paper argues that religion is not a thing of the past and that Islam has its visions of international relations between Muslim and non-Muslim states or abodes: peace, war, truce or treaty, and da’wah.